ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)
AI technologies provide computers with the ability to make decisions and learn without explicit programming. AI has already been observed with respect to intelligent personal assistants, and autonomous vehicles. Concerning public services, AI technologies are envisioned in many areas such as, comprehensive digital government services, providing intelligent virtual assistants, automating payments from and to citizens and gathering public opinion to drive policy.
The technological elements of Blockchain, originally conceived for Bitcoin, are recognised as having far-reaching potential for government. Core Technologies are: i. Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) — a decentralized database of transactions secured by cryptographic sealing. And, ii. Smart Contracts — rules, which attempt to codify transactions such that the records managed by the distributed ledger are authoritative with respect to the underlying legal agreements they represent.
INTERNET OF THINGS (IoT)
The IoT provides a unique opportunity to interconnect and dynamically manage public infrastructure. Any device with an on/off switch will have an identifier, communicate and be managed by ‘intelligent’ software. ‘Smart Cities’ are envisioned, where informatics and technologies are used to improve the efficiency of services. ICT will enable officials to interact directly with the community and city infrastructure, monitoring how the city is evolving in real time.
PREDICTIVE & BEHAVIOURAL ANALYTICS
A subset of Big Data is Behavioural/Predictive analytics. These focus on providing insight into the actions of people, uncovering hidden patterns and unknown correlations, helping to make informed decisions. Behavioural Analytics centres on understanding how consumers act, and are likely to act in the future. Predictive Analytics extracts information from historical and real-time datasets to determine patterns and predict future outcomes.
On May 1st, 2019, the initial meeting of the UCL Digital Ethics Forum was held. GovTech Lab’s Dr. Zeynep Engin directed this initiative, with GovTech Lab’s Prof. Philip Treleaven, Dr. Catherine Mulligan (CTO) and Dr. Emre Kazim all in attendance and participating. The...read more
In this blog, Dr. Emre Kazim offers the second part of his commentary on the House of Lords ‘Regulating in a Digital World’ report. The first blog can be found here. Building upon a set of principles, for digital regulation, the House of Lords report then turns to the...read more
Dr. Catherine Mulligan reports on her attendance at the Nordic-Baltic Security Summit (Estonia, April 2019)
I recently attended the Nordic-Baltic Security Summit in Tallinn, where I presented on two areas that I have been working on for a very long time - Data Supply Chains, blockchain and the security implications of both. I have been growing quite concerned about data...read more